ISBN 978 - 9950 - 383 - 92 - 0
First Edition / Erste Auflage : July 2015
Publisher: Dar Al Jundi Publishing House, Al Quds (Jerusalem), State of Palestine
English / German Cover: A Ratel or Honey Badger at the Jerusalem Biblical Zoo, Al-Malha, Al-Quds (Jerusalem), Palestine on 02.08.2013. Photograph by Prof. Dr. Norman Ali B. Khalaf-von Jaffa, Dubai, U.A.E.
Cover Design / Umschlaggestaltung: Mrs. Ola Mostafa Khalaf, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Printed and bound at Bin Dasmal Printing Press, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Contents : Fauna Palaestina – Part Five (English Articles)
2- About the Author: A Palestinian-German Zoologist
3- Plants and Animals
unique to Palestine
4- The Terrestrial Gastropods in Palestine
5- Sphincterochila boissieri ummdimna Khalaf, 2014 : A New White Desert Land Snail Subspecies from Umm Dimna
(Dimona) Area in Al-Naqab (Negev) Desert, Occupied Palestine
6- The Gastropod Fossil Snail Discohelix
tunisiensis (Cox, 1969) from the Matmor Formation (Middle Jurassic,
Callovian) of Southern Palestine
7- A Fish Fossil at the Notre Dame de Sion Ecce Homo Convent – Antonia
Fortress, Old City, Al-Quds (Jerusalem), Occupied Palestine
8- The Arabian Killifish (Aphanius dispar Rüppel, 1829)
9- Studying Aquatic Birds in the area between the Gaza
Fishermen Port and Wadi Gaza Estuary, Gaza Strip, Palestine
10- The Hoopoe (Upupa epops Linnaeus, 1758) in
11- The Desert Tawny Owl (Strix hadorami Kirwan,
Schweizer and Copete, 2015) : New Species of Bird Discovered in Palestine
12- The taxidermied Indian Crested Porcupine (Hystrix
indica Kerr, 1792) and the Crested Porcupine (Hystrix cristata
Linnaeus, 1758) in the Museums of the Holy City of Al-Quds (Jerusalem),
13- The taxidermied Lions (Panthera leo
Linnaeus, 1758) at the Natural History Museum in Al-Baq’a, Al-Quds (Jerusalem),
Palestine and a note about the Historical Presence of the Asiatic or Persian
Lion (Panthera leo persica Meyer, 1826) in Palestine
14- A taxidermied Mediterranean Monk Seal (Monachus monachus Hermann, 1779) in the Ernst Schmitz Collection at the Paulus-Haus Museum – Deutscher Verein vom Heiligen Lande in Al-Quds (Jerusalem), Occupied Palestine
Contents : Fauna Palaestina - Part Five (Arabic Articles)
1- Al-Muqadima (Preface)
2- Fauna of Palestine
3- Dinosaurs of Al-Quds (Jerusalem),
4- Dinosaurs of Al-Quds (Jerusalem). In : National
Geographic Al Arabiya Magazine (October 2014)
5- The Pine Bunting (Emberiza leucocephalos Gmelin,
S.G., 1771) in Palestine
6- The First Palestinian Wildlife Photography
Exhibition in the Gaza Strip in 2014
7- Prof. Dr. Norman Ali Khalaf Award for Biodiversity
in Palestine 2013/2014 : Photography Contest of the Palestine Mountain Gazelle
(Gazella gazella gazella Pallas, 1766)
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST GRACIOUS, MOST MERCIFUL
Packed into Palestine's small area are snow-covered mountains, parched deserts, fertile fields, lush woodlands and long stretches of sand dunes. No less than four different geographical zones are included in Palestine, and the country's climate ranges from semi-arid to temperate to subtropical.
All of this makes Palestine home to a stunning variety of plants and animals. Some 47,000 living species have been identified in Palestine, with another 4,000 assumed to exist. There are 116 species of mammals native to Palestine, 511 kinds of birds, 97 types of reptiles and nine types of amphibians. Some 2,780 types of plants grow countrywide, from Alpine flowers on northern mountain slopes to bright red coral peonies and desert papyrus reeds in the south.
My first published scientific article goes back to January 1980, when I was still a student in the Zoology Department at Kuwait University, State of Kuwait. The article was about "The Colouration of Animals".
I was especially interested in the Arabian Wildlife, and in particular, in my Homeland Palestine. My first zoological article about the Palestinian Fauna dates back to February 1983. The article was entitled "The Badger in Palestine and the Arabian Peninsula", and was published in the Palestinian "Al Khalisah" Bulletin, Kuwait University.
Since that time, I had published many scientific articles in different scientific books, magazines and bulletins, and established my own Palestinian Biological Bulletin. In July 1983, "Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin" was created. It was the First Palestinian Scientific Journal Worldwide (ISSN 0178 – 6288).
My first zoological article in "Gazelle" was about "Order Lagomorpha in Palestine". Till now 144 "Gazelle" Issues were published; and many of my articles were about Palestinian Animals.
Finally, and after more than 36 years in Zoological research and studies, in Palestine and many Arabic and European countries, and after publishing many scientific articles in different scientific books, magazines and bulletins, especially the "Gazelle Bulletin", and after publishing many articles in the Gazelle Bulletin Web Site, since 2001 under (www.gazelle.8m.net), and after publishing most of my articles on the internet under (www.webs.com), and after publishing my zoological books: Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin in July 2004, Aquatica Arabica in August 2005, Mammalia Arabica in July 2006, Felidae Arabica in July 2007, Carnivora Arabica in September 2008, Fauna Palaestina – Part One in September 2009, Fauna Emiratus – Part One in November 2010, Fauna Palaestina – Part Two which was published by Dar Al Jundi Publishing House in Al-Quds (Jerusalem), Palestine in July 2012, Fauna Palaestina – Part Three which was also published in Al-Quds (Jerusalem), Palestine in July 2013, and my tenth book Fauna Palaestina – Part Four which was also published by Dar Al Jundi Publishing House in Al-Quds (Jerusalem), State of Palestine in July 2014; I finally decided to publish my newest scientific book Fauna Palaestina – Part Five in the Holy City of Jerusalem, State of Palestine, containing selected "Palestinian" research and articles which were published between 1983 - 2016.
It is hard to be optimistic about the future of Wildlife in Palestine. But recent years have shown the development of official and public interest, and efforts to conserve the Palestinian Fauna. Palestinian animals lived with humans for thousands of years. There are a lot of stories concerning Prophets with Palestinian animals, which were mentioned in the Holy Quran, Bible and Torah.
I hope that I can participate with my new book to our knowledge about
"Fauna Palaestina", and to help and to be part in protecting the
endangered Palestinian and Arabian Fauna.
Prof. Dr. Sc.
Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher Khalaf-von Jaffa.
Al Quds (Jerusalem), the Capital of the State of Palestine and the Capital of Arab Culture.
05th July 2015 (My 53rd Birthday).
About the Author : A Palestinian-German Zoologist
Prof. Dr. Sc.
Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa is a Palestinian-German Zoologist, Ecologist and Geologist. Born in
Saarbrücken, Saarland, Germany in 1962. His family originally comes from Al
Eizariya (Bethany), east of Al Quds (Jerusalem), Palestine. The family then
moved to the financial booming city of Jaffa, Palestine in the beginning of the
twentieth century. After the 1948 War, the family became refugees and
migrated to Gaza, Cairo, Amman, Tulkarm and then Kuwait in 1957. Finished
School in Kuwait. Studied Zoology, Geology and Ecology for the Bachelor, Master
and Doctorate degrees at the Universities of Kuwait, Durham (England) and
Ashwood (USA). Specialised in Animal Behaviour and Ecology. Done a lot of work
and research in the Universities of Kuwait, Durham and Saarbrücken; and in the
Zoos, Wild Parks and Field Studies in Palestine, Israel, Jordan, Syria,
Lebanon, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Emirates, Qatar, Oman, Egypt, Russia, Turkey,
Greece, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Hungary, Holland, Belgium, Luxembourg, England,
Scotland, Jersey Island, France, Austria, Switzerland and Germany.
He is the author and publisher of "Gazelle : The Palestinian Biological Bulletin" (ISSN 0178-6288), the first Palestinian scientific journal worldwide (since 1983); and the author of eleven books: Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin (2004), Aquatica Arabica (2005), Mammalia Arabica (2006), Felidae Arabica (2007), Carnivora Arabica (2008), Fauna Palaestina – Part One (2009), Fauna Emiratus – Part One (2010), Fauna Palaestina – Part Two (2012), Fauna Palaestina – Part Three (2013), Fauna Palaestina – Part Four (2014), Fauna Palaestina – Part Five (2015), and the co-author of the book "Palestine: A Guide" (2005/2006/2007).
He discovered and scientifically named thirteen new animal species and subspecies. Two Palestinian mammal subspecies from the Gaza Strip: The Gaza or Palestine House Mouse (Mus musculus gazaensis Khalaf, 2007) and the Palestine Golden Jackal (Canis aureus palaestina Khalaf, 2008); and the Pink Panther or the Pink-hued Leopard (Panthera pardus roseus Khalaf, 2013) from South Africa; and the Arabian or Makkah Baboon (Papio hamadryas makkah Khalaf, 2015) from Makkah Al-Mukarramah, Saudi Arabia; and three freshwater fish subspecies: The Emirati or Wadi Al Wurayah Blind Cave Fish (Garra barreimiae wurayahi Khalaf, 2009), the Emirati or Bassam Khalaf's Tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus bassamkhalafi Khalaf, 2009) from the Emirate of Fujairah, United Arab Emirates, and the Palestine or Wadi Qana Doctor Fish (Garra rufa wadiqana Khalaf, 2013) from Wadi Qana Nature Reserve, Salfit Governorate, State of Palestine; and the Umm Dimna White Desert Land Snail (Sphincterochila boissieri ummdimna Khalaf, 2014) from Umm Dimna (Dimona) in Al-Naqab (Negev) Desert, Palestine; and the Khorfakkan White Dorid Nudibranch Sea Slug or Ola Khalaf's Nudibranch (Diaphorodoris olakhalafi Khalaf, 2017) from the Sea of Khorfakkan, Gulf of Oman, Arab Sea, Indian Ocean; and four fossils: the Arabian or Emirati Four-Tusked Elephant Fossil († Stegotetrabelodon syrticus emiratus Khalaf, 2010) from the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates; the Sharjah or Arabian Coelacanth Fish Fossil († Coelacanthus sharjah Khalaf, 2013) from Sharjah Natural History and Botanical Museum in Sharjah, Emirate of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates, the Palestine or Al-Naqab Coelacanth Fish Fossil († Macropomoides palaestina Khalaf, 2013) from the Anthracothere Hill in Al-Naqab, Palestine, and the Roundhead-Roundtail Lebanon Coelacanth († Macropoma libanus Khalaf, 2015) from Lebanon.
was chosen as the Palestinian Personality of the year 2014 at Qasr (Palace)
Al-Basha in Deir Al-Asad, Upper Galilee, Occupied Palestine on 20.12.2014.
He is working now as a free Scientific Researcher, Publisher and Eco-Tourist Guide Instructor in the United Arab Emirates. He is married to Ola Khalaf and has one daughter, Nora (18 Years).